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sdj-10010

1- The use of maxillary first molar as forensic aid in racial and sexual dimorphism of Kurdish populaton in Sulaimani city

Azhar Ghanim Ahmed

College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17656/sdj.10010

Abstract

Objectives: To find out the utility of using permanent maxillary first molar as a forensic tool for sex determination,   and to compare tooth size for both side in the same sex in Kurdish people.

Materials and methods:
The study sample comprised 120 casts of Kurdish peoples (67 females and 53 males) from Sulaimani city - Iraq, with age ranging from 13-33 years. The bucco-lingual (B-L) and mesio-distal (M-D) linear measurements of the maxillary first molars were calculated using digital vernier calipers. Percentage of sexual dimorphism was calculated.

Results:
The mean values of B-L and M-D parameters were greater in males than females and greater on right side compared to with left side. The mean values of B-L parameters showed statistically significant differences between males and females with p ˂0.05.The differences in B-L and M-D parameters between the right and the left side were statistically significant in males. 
Sexual dimorphism amounted to 3.48%, 2.83% for the right and left bucco-lingual diameter respectively as compared to 1%, 0.91 % for right and left mesio-distal diameters of the maxillary first molars respectively.

Conclusion:
The result of the study showed that the bucco-lingual diameters of permanent maxillary first molars exhibiting significant sexual dimorphism in Kurdish sample and can be used as adjunct in sex determination.

Keywords: Maxillary first molar, sexual dimorphism, forensic

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