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Assessment of oral hygiene in a sample of orthodontically treated patients using different bracket materials with different motivational techniques in  Sulaimani City

Aras M. Rauf, Tara A. Rashid, Ara O. Fatah, Fadil A. Kareem & Nyaz O. Mohammad

College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani



Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of three different motivational techniques for maintaining good oral hygiene during the long term fixed orthodontic treatment.

Materials and methods:
This comparative study was carried in Sulaimani city, on 60 patients with their age ranged from 12-18 years having fixed orthodontic appliances for a period of  18± 6 months were selected and divided randomly according to motivational techniques into three study groups (A, B and C), each group was subsequently  subdivided into 2 subgroups according to the type of bracket material.  The sample was subjected over a period of 6 months to different motivational techniques during the orthodontic treatment. Oral health status was examined and recorded twice using simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-S). The results were statistically analyzed with Statistical Product and Service Solutions software (SPSS, V16).

After motivation and reinforcement, improvement of oral health was observed among the patients. Visual evidence motivational technique (applied for group C) approved to be the most significant effective motivational technique (P≤ 0.001) for patients undergoing orthodontic treatment regardless the type of the bracket material.

Orthodontists should concern about the motivation of the patients undergoing orthodontic treatment keeping sustained oral hygiene throughout the treatment period. This study confirmed that visual evidence motivational technique is the best educational and motivational technique for orthodontic patients that should be carried out before and throughout the treatment.

Keywords: Oral health status, motivational technique, orthodontic treatment.


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