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The prevalence of enamel white spot lesions before and after fixed orthodontic treatment among patients attending Shorish Dental Center

**Khoshy Smko Fatehulla, **Omed Salar Hamasaeed & *Darwn Saeed Abdulateef

*College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani

**Sulaimani Polytechnique University, Sulaimani, Iraq.



Objectives: This study was done to determine the prevalence of WSLs among orthodontic patients visiting Shorish Dental Center in Sulaimani City during 4 months (1st June 2013- 30 sep 2013) requiring fixed orthodontic treatment.

Materials and Methods:
Six hundred and seventy patients (223control and 447study groups) who attended orthodontic department of Shorish Dental Center during 4 months were included in this study. The presence of white spot lesions was determined by visual examination in two groups of patients. The study group consisted of patients who did wear fixed orthodontic appliance, and the control group consisted of patients who didn’t having their braces placed on their teeth.

Out of 477 orthodontic patients, 148 cases presents WSL, and their prevalence was equal to (31%). Conclusion: The development of white spot lesion during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliance was not a significant clinical problem and its prevalence didn’t affect by the age and the gender of the patients, suggesting that any preventive therapy provided appeared to be effective.

Fixed orthodontic appliance was not a critical factor that contributed to the development of WSL. The age and the gender of the patient didn’t play a role in the prevalence of the WSLs.

Keywords: white spot lesion, fixed orthodontic treatment.


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