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sdj-10044

A correlation between human ABO phenotypes and periodontal status

Harem J. Hama Rashed & Faraedon M. Zardawi

College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17656/sdj.10044

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the frequency of periodontal diseases among ABO blood groups and the Rh factors.

Materials and Methods:
the double-blind cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 systemically healthy subjects (90) males and (110) females, were examined at the Department of Periodontics – School of Dentistry – University of Sulaimani. The sample was divided into 3 groups – control (healthy) group, gingivitis group and periodontitis group according to plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment loss, then participants examined for their blood phenotypes and a correlation among the obtained data was formulated using SPSS 17.0 software.

Results
: Results of this study revealed high incidence of periodontitis and gingivitis among (O) and (A) group subjects compared to (B) and (AB) subjects, whereas no significant relation was detected between Rhesus (Rh) factors and periodontal lesions.
 
Conclusions: A positive correlation was detected between (A) and (O) blood groups and frequency of periodontal lesions, this correlation could be employed as a risk marker for early detection of susceptible subjects to periodontitis.

Keywords: ABO Blood Groups, (Rh) factors, Periodontitis and Gingivitis.



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