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Temporomandibular joint disorders (Review Article)

Shanaz M Gaphor

College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani



Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a sensitive and highly mobile joint. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) have been considered as a common orofacial pain condition. The term (TMDs) characterized by pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) area, the periauricular area, or the muscles of mastication, TMJ sounds during mandibular movement and deviations, or restriction in mandibular movement.

Keywords: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ), Internal derangement of TMJ, Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS), Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder.