Issues‎ > ‎Vol 6, issue 2‎ > ‎

sdj-10094

Dispersion of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles in Maxillofacial Silicone Elastomer by Ultrasonication: A Morphological Study

Mohammed T. Abdalqadir*, Souza A. Faraj*, Bruska A. Azhdar**


*Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq. 
**Nanotechnology Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq.


Submitted: 29/09/2019; Accepted: 11/11/2019; Published 29/12/2019

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17656/sdj.10094

Abstract

Objective: Aggregation and agglomeration of nanoparticles in silicone elastomer is a common problem that adversely affects the mechanical properties of the silicone because the aggregations act as a weak and stress concentrating point within the silicone elastomer matrix. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of sonication on the dispersion of ZnO nanoparticles in M-511 heat vulcanized maxillofacial silicone.        

Methods: Nano-ZnO was added in concentrations of 1%, 2%, 3%, and 5% by weight to Cosmesil M-511 heat vulcanized maxillofacial silicone elastomer, after sonication of ZnO nanoparticles in ethanol for 30 minutes at room temperature, and 1%, 2%, 3%, and 5% were added by weight without sonication of ZnO nanoparticles. Then field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) tests were used to assess the efficiency of the dispersion method and to monitor the particle size of nano-ZnO.

Results: FESEM test showed a reduction in cluster size of nano-ZnO as a result of sonication. XRD and FESEM showed a homogenous dispersion of ZnO nanoparticles within the silicone matrix.

Conclusions: Based on the results of this morphological study, sonication of nano-ZnO in ethanol represented an effective and easy way to disperse nano-ZnO in a silicone elastomer matrix. This led to a superior quality nanocomposite without affecting the base material and without the need for a coupling agent or addition of any third material.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Keywords: Maxillofacial Silicone, Nanoparticles, Ultrasonication, Zinc Oxide.                                                                                                                                                                                                            Full Article - PDF                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

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