Issues‎ > ‎Vol 7, issue 1‎ > ‎


Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes of Veneers Made at Kurdistan Board of Restorative Dentistry/ Sulaymaniyah Center; A Retrospective Study

Pinar Y. Raof* , Abdulsalam R. Alzahawi** 

*Kurdistan Board for Medical specialties, faculty of dental specialties, restorative dentistry, Sulaimani, Iraq.
**Department of Conservative Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Sulaimani University, Sulaimani, Iraq.

Submitted: 26/12/2019; Accepted: 18/02/2020; Published 01/06/2020



Objective: To evaluate veneers made at Kurdistan board of restorative dentistry/ Sulaymaniyah center, regarding their mechanical (debonding, marginal adaptation, and fracture of restorations), biological (gingival index, gingival recession, postoperative sensitivity, and secondary caries), and esthetical (color matching, with marginal discoloration) qualities.          

Methods: One hundred and ten units of veneers applied to 15 patients were selected and evaluated according to clinical evaluation parameters from modified United States public health service criteria (USPHS) and FDI criteria. After signing informed consent, each patient was recalled and had the mechanical, biological, and esthetic aspects of their veneers clinically examined by the dental mirror, sharp explorer, periodontal probe, and visual inspection.

Results: Overall, the veneers made at the Kurdistan board of restorative dentistry/ Sulaymaniyah center were considered to be successful restorations with a high survival rate (97.2%) as only three veneers were found to have failed. And most of the patients, n= 94 (85.4%), were very satisfied with the color of their restorations. A total of 45 units of veneers (40.9%) were found to have mild gingivitis, while 14 units of veneers (12.7%) were found to have postoperative sensitivity. Only seven units of veneers (6.3%) were found to have secondary caries. 

Conclusions: Veneers made and fitted in the Kurdistan board of restorative dentistry/ Sulaymaniyah center were found to have an acceptable prognosis and longevity regarding their success rate and patient satisfaction.


Keywords: Clinical Evaluations, Veneers, Mechanical, Biological, Esthetical outcomes.                                                                                                                                                                                              Full Article - PDF                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   


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